Fencing is an important part of any property. It can be used to keep animals in or out, to divide one section from another, or just for decoration. When deciding what kind of fencing you want it is important to consider the type of fence that will work best for your needs and budget. A T-post fence is by far one of the most popular fences because they are inexpensive and easy to install on your own without professional help. However, installing a T-post fence safely requires some consideration before you get started!Continue reading How to Install a T-post Fence Safely
The goal of those owners who keep poultry or animals on the farm is often to obtain high-quality and tasty meat. It is not necessary to invite a specially trained person to kill the chicken. Temporary installation, rules, it is really possible to slaughter chickens on your own. From our article, you will learn how to slaughter a chicken, remove feathers and butcher a carcass.
Poultry preparationMany breeders with little practical experience are interested in how to properly prepare a bird for slaughter. Those individuals that are planned to be slaughtered soon need to be kept separate from the rest of the livestock. Feeding must be stopped one day before the slaughter of chickens is carried out. But water must be present in the drinker. It is needed so that, thanks to the accelerated metabolic processes, the remains of food leave the bird’s body.
Drinking water is also important for maintaining body weight. Otherwise, the meat may become dehydrated. And this will negatively affect its quality and taste. A natural laxative that many breeders offer their pets before killing a chicken is Glauber’s salt. It must first be diluted with water. It is also common to keep the house lights on overnight to stimulate rapid food processing and release.
How to hack a chicken? It would seem like a simple question, the answer to which is not known to every poultry owner. Chopping off a chicken’s head is best done with a large cleaver. You can also cut your throat with a sharp knife. This method not only does not give the bird unnecessary torment, since it dies quickly, but is also suitable if the meat is used up in the near future. Because when I kill a bird or any breeder does, deep open wounds form in the throat. Contamination of meat as a result of its long-term storage is not excluded. Which is dangerous for human health.
Experienced poultry owners advise to first stun it with a blunt object, and then insert a knife into the beak. This method is often used in poultry farms. It is believed that this way the blood flows out of the carcasses faster, and the meat products in the future have a normal appearance and taste.At home, you need to use a thin, sharp knife or scissors that have a long cutting base. The head of an adult should be turned towards you and held with your left hand. The knife must be inserted into the beak, where it falls into the jugular veins junction with the bridge. An incision is made, the blade turns in its direction. After this method, plucking can be done easily, since the muscles will already be relaxed. Further, the bird must be hung upside down, leaving it for a while so that the blood flows out.
At home, slaughter technologies such as one-sided and external two-sided are popular. When choosing the one-sided method, the head and beak of the selected bird should be held with a fist. Next, a neat incision is made in the cerebellar region. It should be about 2 cm in size. If the two-way method is chosen, it should be pierced slightly below the place where the earlobe is. The incision is usually about one and a half centimeters long. The jugular veins and carotid arteries are cut.
Whichever method you choose, after the procedure, do not forget to hang the bird to drain the blood by placing a cotton swab in its beak.
To pluck a bird easily, you need to wait until it is completely exsanguinated. It is recommended to remove feathers starting from those areas where the tail and wings are located. Further, there is a release from the feather cover of the back, chest and thighs. Since the skin is delicate at this time, to avoid damaging it, you need to pluck it with little effort. But in moderation, and do not remove many feathers at a time. Removal is always carried out along the growth of feathers. To facilitate this process, experienced breeders pre-scald the carcass. To do this, it must be placed in boiling water, the temperature of which is no more than 54 degrees. The duration of the procedure is only 1 minute.
Before you start cutting the carcass, you need to burn it over a fire or burner. At home, such manipulations are advised to be carried out in an open space. Evisceration involves cutting off the head. Then a deep incision is made in the bird’s cloaca. After removal of the intestines and all internal organs, the carcass must be washed well and wiped dry.
This is the final stage. After it, the resulting meat can normally be stored in the refrigerator for 5 days. In frozen form, such a carcass can lie for no more than six months. To do everything right, it is recommended not only to read articles on the topic that interests you, but also to watch a video, where it is shown in detail and told about all the details of the process.
Chicken is undoubtedly the most popular poultry in Europe. Over a long, several hundred years, period of poultry farming, a huge number of breeds of domestic chickens of various directions were bred: egg, meat, universal, and also decorative. For private farms, they mainly choose universal hens with an average carcass weight and carrying an average number of eggs, but if the purpose of growing is to obtain meat, then the largest breeds of chickens should be chosen for breeding, which will be discussed in this article.
Large breeds for home breeding
Meat breeds of chickens are the largest among other categories. These are highly productive crosses (hybrids), bred for a specific purpose – to obtain a large volume of meat, therefore, the egg production of these birds is low, but they lay eggs much larger than ordinary egg laying hens.
Large breeds of domestic chickens are distinguished by a voluminous skeleton structure, due to which more meat is built up on their body. They are stocky, squat, have short or medium strong legs, a horizontal skeleton, a broad back and sternum, against which the head and crest seem small. The feathers of birds are usually loose and soft.
Large chickens have a calm temperament. They are inactive, apathetic and slow, never start conflicts in a chicken coop and are friendly towards others. Despite the low egg production, large chickens are excellent hens, capable of independently incubating offspring. What kind of chickens have such positive characteristics? Below is a list of the five largest breeds in the world.
The largest, albeit relatively young, meat breed of chickens. Their homeland is the state of New Jersey (USA), where at the beginning of the last century, from crossing several breeds, including Orpington, Dark Brahma and Langshan, giant black chickens were obtained, surpassing the most productive meat crosses in mass. Soon, work on the breeding of this breed continued with the aim of obtaining birds of various plumage, as a result of which intra-breed individuals of white and unusual “blue” color appeared.
Chickens fully live up to their name, differing in their rapid growth and impressive size in adulthood. Already at the age of one year, the rooster weighs about 5 kg, and then over the next year it gains another 1 kg.
Chickens are also quite large – 4-4.5 kg, moreover, they rush well. For a year, one individual lays up to 180 eggs weighing about 60 g.
As befits chickens, which are giants, Jersey look very impressive. A small head on a strong elongated neck, a massive horizontal body, very strong low paws, a broad back and a muscular convex sternum are the distinctive features of this breed. Roosters have a short tail and a beautiful leaf-shaped comb. Chickens are unpretentious in keeping – they can adapt to any living conditions, they easily tolerate the cold. By temperament, they are balanced, docile, have a highly developed hatching instinct.
Chickens of this breed belong to the meat and egg category, but their impressive external data and impressive body weight allow them to be included in the list of the largest meat chickens for home breeding. Brama chickens are in great demand both in domestic and foreign poultry farming. Every poultry house dreams of having beautiful chickens with lush plumage on their farm, and even on their legs, which gives the impression that the chickens are in “pants”.
The color of chickens of this breed is very diverse: from the lightest to black. Most often, individuals of white, cream or fawn color are found, however, specimens of unusual silver-gray or partridge color with bright edging of feathers are not uncommon. Brahma chickens are very productive – despite the cold, they do not stop laying eggs even in winter. One individual produces 100-120 eggs per year, weighing about 65 g.
Farmers value these chickens for their high productivity. Roosters of this breed, with good maintenance, gain weight 5-7 kg, chickens are slightly less – up to 4.5 kg, have a thin skeleton, due to which the bulk is high-quality meat. Brama chickens are distinguished by a calm disposition, contact, easily tamed, get along well with other breeds in the chicken coop.
Such a proud and beautiful name is a hybrid of French selection, also one of the largest in the world. And he got it thanks to the unusual color of the plumage – gray-black spots and specks on a white background. The breed belongs to the meat and egg category and shows excellent productivity in both private and private farms.
Roosters of this breed are capable of gaining weight up to 7 kg. Chickens weigh less – about 4 kg, but they are capable of producing the largest ones, over 70 g, and in exceptional cases up to 90 g of eggs in a fairly large amount (300 pieces / year). Birds adapt well to any conditions, are distinguished by rapid growth, and almost 100% survival of offspring. Suitable for cage keeping, as they do not need a lot of space.
This breed is not only one of the largest in the world, but also one of the most beautiful. Externally, they are very similar to the Brahma coin, more precisely, on the contrary, Brama resembles a cochineal cochinea – such a magnificent opera, chic “pants” on the legs, and a large curly tail. And the similarity is explained by the fact that it was Kohinkhin who was used for the selection of Kur Brahma and many other meat breeds, in fact, possesses excellent external qualities and productivity.
Kohinkhin chickens are black, white, gray-black, ash and pale okra. Roosters at the age of 1 year weigh about 4.5 kg, chickens less – 4 kg. Like nesushki, they mature quite late, about 9 months. In a year it is possible to bring 100-120 eggs 50-60 g. In addition, it is quite high hens, especially roosters, they have a massive bone, broad back and chest, small rounded wings, wide rooted neck and short lush tail. By nature, they are slightly more aggressive, less contact, than other large breeds.
The next position in the list of the largest breeds is occupied by the English breed Orpington, which was introduced in the city with the same name in the second half of the XIX century. The purpose of the selection of the breed at that time was the production of chickens with exclusive white, without the yellowish tint of the skin, as required by the English quality standards. However, further fusion with the Kochin breed gave the Orpington not only a more exotic appearance, but also increased their productivity.
Updated chickens immediately began to be used at high demand by poultry farmers. Having an attractive appearance, they brought in an average of 160 large grains (up to 70 g) of eggs with brown ocher. Besides, the breeds were marked and high meat indicators: roosters grew up to 5, in some cases up to 6-7 kg, and chickens up to 3.5 kg.
From Kur Kohinhin Orpington inherited a beautiful majestic appearance – a massive body with a protruding chest, a small head with a leafy ribbon and a fairly long, very white, as well as a magnificent opera: In the care of these chickens are unpretentious, but the young ones grow very slowly and require large fodder investments.
Chickens are record holders
The largest vegetables, the largest pets and birds – what records can not be achieved by the owners of private subsidiary farms, but not everyone is in a hurry to share their achievements and perpetuate the records of their pets. But among poultry, chickens are also often found – real giants with a record weight. Below will be presented the largest cockerels, which, thanks to their owners, were able to “light up” and become known around the world.
That was the name of the officially registered heavyweight champion rooster belonging to Australian Ronald Allridge from Queensland. At the time of registration in the Book of Records in 1992, this cock weighed 10.36 kg, had a chest girth of 84 cm and a withers height of 43.2 cm.He belonged to a rather rare breed of chickens – Whitsulli, whose representatives can weigh 8-10 kg. The owner was very proud of his pet, as evidenced by numerous photos with celebrities. Died Big Snow in the fall of the same 1992 for natural reasons.
Named after the main character of the famous American film, this heavyweight cockerel lives in the UK and belongs to the Stone family. He is a representative of the most beautiful breed – Brahma, his weight is 11 kg, and his height is 91 cm. It is not surprising that with such external data the rooster alone copes with protecting his chicken coop from dogs and foxes. The owners admit that they themselves are a little afraid of their pet, so that his chances of not getting on the table as an appetizing dinner are 100%.
With such an affectionate name, the Englishman Jeremy Goldsmith called his pet – a heavyweight cockerel, who at the age of a year already had a height of 66 cm, but he will still grow. The record holder leads a wild lifestyle, and his owner jokes that the bird has reached such weight thanks to a special diet – popcorn and chips, which are treated to him by numerous visitors and children who admire the majestic size of Little John. This handsome man also belongs to the largest meat breed – Brahma.
The days are getting shorter and the temperatures are dropping. When fall is here and winter is on the way, it’s time to start preparing your coop for the cold days to come. Chickens are generally pretty hardy and do well in a variety of weather conditions. There are lots of inexpensive ways to help keep your chickens warm, comfortable and healthy, even on the coldest of days.
First of all, be sure that their coop is as “weatherproofed” as possible. Meaning, if you need to make any repairs to the actual structure, that should be done before it gets cold. Check for leaks in the roof and holes in their roosting area that may be letting in cold winter air. It’s important to realize, however, that making your entire coop “airtight” can have the opposite effect. If you don’t leave room for moisture to escape, your coop will become a damp and uncomfortable environment.
Don’t let your chickens become coop-bound in the winter. They still need exercise and will enjoy time in the yard just as much as they do in the warmer months. You can make the area more appealing by saving up some of their favorite treats and putting a variety of materials on the ground for them to investigate and eat. Any dry waste such as corn stalks, cobs, straw and the like can be put on the ground. You can hide some of their favorite greens and snacks. This not only keeps them moving and comfortable but shores up their immune systems with extra nutrients.
Many experienced chicken farmers also swear by the “deep litter” method. Simply choose a type of bedding appropriate for your chickens and spread a thick layer all around the coop. You can use hay or straw, even dried leaves to create a bed that helps trap heat and gives your chickens something to burrow into or lay on that isn’t the cold ground. Simply pile it high and go in periodically to mix the bedding around and scoop out the damp bits.
Lastly, there is the option of using a commercial or homemade chicken coop heater. There are different schools of thought on this as to their necessity and safety, so be very careful in choosing a product and be sure to read and follow all of the safety instructions. Types of coop heaters commercially available include oil-filled radiators, incandescent lighting heat sources, flat panel heaters (which many regard as the safest type) and more.
Whatever type of heater you choose, keep in mind that healthy chickens are best able to withstand a variety of weather conditions. It’s vital to monitor your flock’s health and take care of any small problems before they can become huge issues. Invest in, or make a heated bucket for water so that your chickens always have access to fresh drinking water and keep the coop clean as you do during other seasons. While it’s definitely not fun to spend time in the cold, it will pay off in the health and comfort of your feathered friends.