Chicken is undoubtedly the most popular poultry in Europe. Over a long, several hundred years, period of poultry farming, a huge number of breeds of domestic chickens of various directions were bred: egg, meat, universal, and also decorative. For private farms, they mainly choose universal hens with an average carcass weight and carrying an average number of eggs, but if the purpose of growing is to obtain meat, then the largest breeds of chickens should be chosen for breeding, which will be discussed in this article.
Large breeds for home breeding
Meat breeds of chickens are the largest among other categories. These are highly productive crosses (hybrids), bred for a specific purpose – to obtain a large volume of meat, therefore, the egg production of these birds is low, but they lay eggs much larger than ordinary egg laying hens.
Large breeds of domestic chickens are distinguished by a voluminous skeleton structure, due to which more meat is built up on their body. They are stocky, squat, have short or medium strong legs, a horizontal skeleton, a broad back and sternum, against which the head and crest seem small. The feathers of birds are usually loose and soft.
Large chickens have a calm temperament. They are inactive, apathetic and slow, never start conflicts in a chicken coop and are friendly towards others. Despite the low egg production, large chickens are excellent hens, capable of independently incubating offspring. What kind of chickens have such positive characteristics? Below is a list of the five largest breeds in the world.
The largest, albeit relatively young, meat breed of chickens. Their homeland is the state of New Jersey (USA), where at the beginning of the last century, from crossing several breeds, including Orpington, Dark Brahma and Langshan, giant black chickens were obtained, surpassing the most productive meat crosses in mass. Soon, work on the breeding of this breed continued with the aim of obtaining birds of various plumage, as a result of which intra-breed individuals of white and unusual “blue” color appeared.
Chickens fully live up to their name, differing in their rapid growth and impressive size in adulthood. Already at the age of one year, the rooster weighs about 5 kg, and then over the next year it gains another 1 kg.
Chickens are also quite large – 4-4.5 kg, moreover, they rush well. For a year, one individual lays up to 180 eggs weighing about 60 g.
As befits chickens, which are giants, Jersey look very impressive. A small head on a strong elongated neck, a massive horizontal body, very strong low paws, a broad back and a muscular convex sternum are the distinctive features of this breed. Roosters have a short tail and a beautiful leaf-shaped comb. Chickens are unpretentious in keeping – they can adapt to any living conditions, they easily tolerate the cold. By temperament, they are balanced, docile, have a highly developed hatching instinct.
Chickens of this breed belong to the meat and egg category, but their impressive external data and impressive body weight allow them to be included in the list of the largest meat chickens for home breeding. Brama chickens are in great demand both in domestic and foreign poultry farming. Every poultry house dreams of having beautiful chickens with lush plumage on their farm, and even on their legs, which gives the impression that the chickens are in “pants”.
The color of chickens of this breed is very diverse: from the lightest to black. Most often, individuals of white, cream or fawn color are found, however, specimens of unusual silver-gray or partridge color with bright edging of feathers are not uncommon. Brahma chickens are very productive – despite the cold, they do not stop laying eggs even in winter. One individual produces 100-120 eggs per year, weighing about 65 g.
Farmers value these chickens for their high productivity. Roosters of this breed, with good maintenance, gain weight 5-7 kg, chickens are slightly less – up to 4.5 kg, have a thin skeleton, due to which the bulk is high-quality meat. Brama chickens are distinguished by a calm disposition, contact, easily tamed, get along well with other breeds in the chicken coop.
Such a proud and beautiful name is a hybrid of French selection, also one of the largest in the world. And he got it thanks to the unusual color of the plumage – gray-black spots and specks on a white background. The breed belongs to the meat and egg category and shows excellent productivity in both private and private farms.
Roosters of this breed are capable of gaining weight up to 7 kg. Chickens weigh less – about 4 kg, but they are capable of producing the largest ones, over 70 g, and in exceptional cases up to 90 g of eggs in a fairly large amount (300 pieces / year). Birds adapt well to any conditions, are distinguished by rapid growth, and almost 100% survival of offspring. Suitable for cage keeping, as they do not need a lot of space.
This breed is not only one of the largest in the world, but also one of the most beautiful. Externally, they are very similar to the Brahma coin, more precisely, on the contrary, Brama resembles a cochineal cochinea – such a magnificent opera, chic “pants” on the legs, and a large curly tail. And the similarity is explained by the fact that it was Kohinkhin who was used for the selection of Kur Brahma and many other meat breeds, in fact, possesses excellent external qualities and productivity.
Kohinkhin chickens are black, white, gray-black, ash and pale okra. Roosters at the age of 1 year weigh about 4.5 kg, chickens less – 4 kg. Like nesushki, they mature quite late, about 9 months. In a year it is possible to bring 100-120 eggs 50-60 g. In addition, it is quite high hens, especially roosters, they have a massive bone, broad back and chest, small rounded wings, wide rooted neck and short lush tail. By nature, they are slightly more aggressive, less contact, than other large breeds.
The next position in the list of the largest breeds is occupied by the English breed Orpington, which was introduced in the city with the same name in the second half of the XIX century. The purpose of the selection of the breed at that time was the production of chickens with exclusive white, without the yellowish tint of the skin, as required by the English quality standards. However, further fusion with the Kochin breed gave the Orpington not only a more exotic appearance, but also increased their productivity.
Updated chickens immediately began to be used at high demand by poultry farmers. Having an attractive appearance, they brought in an average of 160 large grains (up to 70 g) of eggs with brown ocher. Besides, the breeds were marked and high meat indicators: roosters grew up to 5, in some cases up to 6-7 kg, and chickens up to 3.5 kg.
From Kur Kohinhin Orpington inherited a beautiful majestic appearance – a massive body with a protruding chest, a small head with a leafy ribbon and a fairly long, very white, as well as a magnificent opera: In the care of these chickens are unpretentious, but the young ones grow very slowly and require large fodder investments.
Chickens are record holders
The largest vegetables, the largest pets and birds – what records can not be achieved by the owners of private subsidiary farms, but not everyone is in a hurry to share their achievements and perpetuate the records of their pets. But among poultry, chickens are also often found – real giants with a record weight. Below will be presented the largest cockerels, which, thanks to their owners, were able to “light up” and become known around the world.
That was the name of the officially registered heavyweight champion rooster belonging to Australian Ronald Allridge from Queensland. At the time of registration in the Book of Records in 1992, this cock weighed 10.36 kg, had a chest girth of 84 cm and a withers height of 43.2 cm.He belonged to a rather rare breed of chickens – Whitsulli, whose representatives can weigh 8-10 kg. The owner was very proud of his pet, as evidenced by numerous photos with celebrities. Died Big Snow in the fall of the same 1992 for natural reasons.
Named after the main character of the famous American film, this heavyweight cockerel lives in the UK and belongs to the Stone family. He is a representative of the most beautiful breed – Brahma, his weight is 11 kg, and his height is 91 cm. It is not surprising that with such external data the rooster alone copes with protecting his chicken coop from dogs and foxes. The owners admit that they themselves are a little afraid of their pet, so that his chances of not getting on the table as an appetizing dinner are 100%.
With such an affectionate name, the Englishman Jeremy Goldsmith called his pet – a heavyweight cockerel, who at the age of a year already had a height of 66 cm, but he will still grow. The record holder leads a wild lifestyle, and his owner jokes that the bird has reached such weight thanks to a special diet – popcorn and chips, which are treated to him by numerous visitors and children who admire the majestic size of Little John. This handsome man also belongs to the largest meat breed – Brahma.